Technical Rules book of the International Powerlifting Federation .. accompany the scales must be current to within one year of the date of the. It includes the basic rules currently used by USA Powerlifting. USAPL is a proud .. from lifting begins on the date the test is administered. USAPL doping. For the most up to date and current information regarding the rules of competition and The Xtreme Powerlifting Coalition (XPC) recognizes the following lifts.
Usapl bench shirt rules for dating - USPA News Ticker
Vendors who showed equipment 7. Media that came out c. Mail out results to 1. Reflect on the entire process 1. Make a list of what you would do different next time 2. Get some rest B. Weigh In Room 4. Locker Rooms for both sexes if needed a. For clothes storage 2. Large clothes changing area with ample seating c. Good temperature control d. Numerous toilet stalls 2. Lots of paper towels 3. Lots of toilet paper 4. Competitors use toilet facilities a lot a. Trying to "make weight" b.
Frequent clothes changes c. Are often very nervous e. Spectator restrooms - both sexes 6. Site has doors to accommodate large equipment 7. Adequate parking free parking 8. Seating for spectators with a good view 9. Site finances, rental fee, etc. Heavy duty floor for stable lifting Easy entry from outside to spectator area A place for a spectator ticket booth Good control of lifter area keep spectators out Restaurant in the facility b.
Nearby fast food c. Place for a concessions stand d. Lots of water fountains Availability of ice a. For injury treatment b. For cooling items and drinks brought by lifters High lighting levels a. Better photography especially video d. Spectators see better Good strong climate control system a. Can handle the crowd heat load b. Outdoor sites are risky 1. Lifters struggle for visual reference points squatting 3. Seating may not be available 4.
Hard to sell tickets and control the crowd 5. Electricity may not be available 6. Background noise problems 7. If it all goes well they can be spectacular c. Extreme heat or cold 1. Effects the lifters performances 2. Effects lifters "grip" 3. Heat makes lifters tired and sleepy 5.
Cold makes it difficult to stay "warmed up" 6. Cold may lead to pulled muscles Referee indicator lights Security of site Insurance coverage of site Within reasonable distance of lifters invited Area hotels and motels Pay telephones available for lifters If in a hotel - complementary rooms for staff, hospitality, etc C. Weight lifting equipment a. May need 2 platforms b. Platforms may be raised for visibility 1. Be sure it is easy for "Wrapped Lifters" to get on or wrap up there 2.
High school type stages may work 4. Stability for large weights is very important 3. Use the same brand of equipment in all areas a.
Bench presses are all the same b. Squat racks are all the same c. Bars are all the same b. Quantity of equipment 1. Enough warmup plates and stations to not rush the lifters 2. Enough plates to run heavy lifts on both competitive platforms 3. Additional backup small items collars and small plates c. Squat stands or power rack a. Hydraulically operated jack stands b. Manual stands with height adjustment capabilities c. Be sure they are very stable 3.
Weight plates - Kilo plates may be required by some organizations a. Numerous small plates for warmup areas and competition area 5. High strength olympic bars 6. Deadlift Bar Jack 7. High quality chalk and a lot of it 9.
Chalkboard and chalk or digital display to indicate this attempt 2. Drug testing equipment 4. Score keeping clerks table b. Admissions gate ticket booth table c. Concessions table and eating area tables e. Vendor display table f. Sanctioning federation membership cards g. Weigh in recording table 6. Lockable cash boxes stocked with change a. Vacuum to clean up with Wire brush to clean chalk off bars Damp ones to wipe platform clean b.
Lifters may wipe shoes on them Disinfectants and blood spill kits to cleanup any spilt blood Portable fans if needed Referee indicator light board Radio headsets for expeditors and clerks a. Expeditors get next attempt from lifter b. Written printed information a. List of all pre-registered lifters and payment status b. Bar load sheets in kilos or pounds c. Best lifter formulas schwartz -men, malone- women d.
Kilo to pound conversion charts e. Sanctioning body rule book Body weight scales certified Cameras and video equipment if needed Sheets of 1 inch plywood for lifting platform Rubber matting to cover plywood platform Spare lifting suits Spare knee wraps Heavy duty chairs or benches for lifters to "wrap" in a.
Small bench to elevate feet when wrapping b. Tarp to keep chalk and powder off the floor in this area Rope and plastic posts or Safety Cones a. Rope off areas to keep spectators out of b. Overhead projectors to display results Heavy duty extension cords Hammer and nails T-shirt sales posters Breakdown crew - take down when meet is over 3.
Cleanup crew to clean a. Weigh in room b. Lobby and hallways h. Spotters several crews 5. Loaders several crews 6. Equipment Check referee 8.
Platform manager for each platform Expeditors to get lifters next attempts Three per competitive platform b. Some backups to relieve them People to sell items at the meet a.
Federation membership cards b. Admission tickets and stamp their hands e. Admissions Control People - Ushers a. Keep people in the front sitting down 1. Not blocking view of others 2. Not blocking cameras 3. Not blocking meet personnel view c. Keep people out of the score table area d. Keep spectators out of competitive areas Have a primary announcer 1. Helps crowd learn about individual lifters 3.
Helps crowd encourage lifters b. Have someone to relieve them Drug test personnel Registration Clerk for a. Meet day registrations Treasurer to handle all funds a. Advertising sold in meet program 5. Ticket office receipts 7. Video tape sales monies 8. Vendor booth space monies b.
Site Rental fee 2. Meet Sanctioning expense 3. Referee travel expenses 4. Video tape costs 6. Duct tape - tape wiring down 8. Meet promotion flyers b. Trophies and awards Equipment locks, ropes, chains Food for staff and referees Meet results preparer a. For mailing to media b. For mailing to teams c. Publicity and Promotion 1. Flyer announcing meet b.
Meet entry form c. Video tape order form d. T-shirt order form e. Post flyers promoting the meet a. Post in area gyms b. Post in YMCA c. Post in fitness equipment stores d. Post in college gyms e. Post in college hangouts 3. Deal with the local media a. Internet Powerlifting web sites b.
Let them know about the meet and invite them c. Follow up on the invitation d. Hoffman sent over tons of equipment for this contest and did not take it back, and local legend says it is all still being used in Birmingham and the wider West Midlands region. Since it was closely associated with bodybuilding and women had been competing as bodybuilders for years, the new sport was opened to them very quickly.
As a result, the AAU lost control of virtually every amateur sport. Soon, controversy over drug testing would cause powerlifting to splinter into multiple federations. In , drug testing was introduced to the IPF men's international championship, although the USPF championships that year did not have drug testing. Weight belts and knee wraps originally simple Ace bandages predated powerlifting, but in John Inzer invented the first piece of equipment distinct to powerlifters—the bench shirt.
Other inventions included specialized squat bars and deadlift bars, moving away from the IPF standard of using the same bar for all three lifts.
The rules of powerlifting have also evolved and differentiated. Many communities and federations do not class the sumo variation as a technical deadlift. Straps are also used, as help with deadlift in case of a weak grip but are not allowed by any federations in official competitions. Belt is the only supportive equipment that is allowed by all federations in raw competition.
The use of supportive equipment distinguishes 'equipped' and 'un-equipped' or 'raw' divisions in the sport, and 'equipped' and 'unequipped' records in the competition lifts. The wide differences between equipped and unequipped records in the squat and bench suggest that supportive equipment confers a substantial advantage to lifters in these disciplines.
Supportive equipment should not be confused with the equipment on which the lifts are performed, such as a bench press bench or the barbell and discs; nor with personal accessories such as a weightlifting belt that may allow greater weight to be lifted, but by mechanisms other than storing elastic energy. Principles of operation[ edit ] Supportive equipment is used to increase the weight lifted in powerlifting exercises.
This garment deforms during the downward portion of a bench press or squat , or the descent to the bar in the deadlift , storing elastic potential energy. Squat suits may be made of varying types of polyester , or of canvas. The latter fabric is less elastic, and therefore considered to provide greater 'stopping power' at the bottom of the movement but less assistance with the ascent.
Knee wraps are made of varying combinations of cotton and elastic. A squat or deadlift suit may be constructed for a wide or a narrow stance; and a bench shirt may be constructed with 'straight' sleeves perpendicular to the trunk of the lifter or sleeves that are angled towards the abdomen. The back of the bench shirt may be closed or open, and the back panel may or may not be of the same material as the front of the shirt. Similarly, 'hybrid' squat suits can include panels made from canvas and polyester, in an effort to combine the strengths of each material.
When two or more panels overlay one another in a piece of supportive equipment, that equipment is described as 'multi-ply', in contrast to 'single-ply' equipment made of one layer of material throughout. RAW during this time frame however was looked upon as a beginners stage by the elite lifters in powerlifting.
This contest became the turning point in raw lifting. It was a crucial contest that gathered the best lifters under one roof regardless of gear worn to compete without equipment.
RUM spearheaded raw lifting into what it has become today. The IPF does not allow knee wraps in its unequipped competitions and would thus be considered 'modern raw' but the IPF does not recognize the word 'raw. Some lifters purposely wear knee sleeves which are excessively tight and have been known to use plastic bags and have others to assist them get their knee sleeves on. This led to the IPF mandating that lifters put on their knee sleeves unassisted. Equipped lifters will wear a squat suit, knee wraps, a bench shirt, and a deadlift suit.
These four things are what separate equipped lifters and raw lifters. A squat suit is made of an elastic-like material, and a single-ply polyester layer. This allows a competitor to spring out of the bottom of a squat called "pop out of the hole" in Powerlifting circles by maintaining rigidity, keeping him or her upright and encouraging their hips to remain parallel with the floor.
This allows lifters to lift more weight than would normally be possible without the suit. There are also multi-ply suits giving the lifter even more rigidity, like that of a traditional canvas suit, with the same pop as a single-ply suit or briefs.
Even though knee wraps will be a sub-classification of raw lifting it will still be worn by equipped lifters. A raw lifter who would squat in knee wraps will have the weight lifted noted as "in wraps" to distinguish this from the other raw lifters.
Knee wraps are made out of the same, or very similar, elastic material as wrist wraps are made out of. They are wrapped around the lifters knees very tightly with the lifter usually not being able to do it himself and needing someone to assist them in doing so.
The knee wraps are wrapped in a spiral or diagonal method. The knee wraps build elastic energy during the eccentric part of the squat and once the lifter has hit proper depth the lifter will start the concentric part of the movement releasing this elastic energy and using it to help them move the weight upwards.
It gives the lifter more spring, or pop out of the hole of the squat resulting in a heavier and faster squat. For the bench press, there are also single-ply and multi-ply bench shirts that work similarly to a squat suit. It acts as artificial pectoral muscles and shoulder muscles for the lifter. It resists the movement of the bench press by compressing and building elastic energy.
When the bar is still and the official gives the command to press the compression and elastic energy of the suit aids in the speed of the lift, and support of the weight that the lifter would not be able to provide for himself without the bench shirt. In order to achieve proper tightness and fitting the lifter must be assisted when putting the bench shirt on for it is not possible to be done alone.
For example, if the participant turns 18 years old in January, he or she is still considered a Sub-junior until the end of that calendar year. Bleacher seating in good condition f. From the light classes b.